timeline of events

“My grandkids won’t even have the opportunity to think about being a rancher or farmer if this structure doesn’t change.”

– Curtis Martin, Rancher, North Powder, OR


R-CALF Lawsuit against The Big Four

R-CALF USA announced a lawsuit against the “big four” packers who, they allege, violated U.S. antitrust laws, the Packers and Stockyards Act, and the Commodity Exchange Act by unlawfully depressing the prices paid to American ranchers.

On April 23, 2019, the cattlemen’s group based out of Billings, said Tyson Foods, Inc., JBS S.A., Cargill, Inc., and National Beef Packing Company, LLC, and certain of their affiliates from at least January 1, 2015 through the present, conspired to depress the price of fed cattle they purchased from American ranchers, thereby inflating their own margins and profits.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/r-calf-files-suit-against-big-4-packers/


Consumer Lawsuit

“An investigation has revealed that for years, major food corporations have engaged in illegal conduct regarding the marketing and sale of beef products, causing millions of U.S. consumers to be deceived during their purchases of products such as hamburgers, ground beef and steak.” Hagens Berman Sobol Shapiro LLP

Hagens Berman is seeking reimbursement for these illegal actions by leading food manufacturers that have deceived purchasers of beef products.

Lawsuit Status and Documents: https://www.hbsslaw.com/cases/beef-antitrust


Tyson Plant Fire in Holcomb, KS

President of Tyson’s Fresh Meats Division says a spark from welding during maintenance likely caused the fire that heavily damaged the company’s plant near Holcomb in Finney County.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/fire-shuts-down-ks-tyson-plant/


Holcomb Fire Investigation Begins

“As part of our continued efforts to monitor the impact of the fire at the beef processing facility in Holcomb, Kan., I have directed USDA’s Packers and Stockyards Division to launch an investigation into recent beef pricing margins to determine if there is any evidence of price manipulation, collusion, restrictions of competition or other unfair practices.” U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue

Government Press Release: https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2019/08/28/secretary-perdue-statement-beef-processing-facility-holcomb-kansas

NCBA Statement: NCBA Statement on Secretary Sonny Perdue’s Call For Investigation Into Cattle Markets Following Kansas Fire

R-CALF Statement: Statement Regarding USDA Investigation of Tyson Fire Aftermath


Western Ag Reporter Launches #FairCattleMarkets Campaign

On behalf of cow-calf producers and independent cattle feeders nationwide, Western Ag Reporter is launching a Twitter campaign asking President Donald Trump for assistance in rebalancing the cattle markets. The ever-widening gap between packer profit margins and producer’s price for cattle has raised concern across the countryside.

More information: https://westernagreporter.com/fair-cattle-markets.php


"Rally to Stop the Stealin'!" in Omaha

Cattle producers rallied in a daylong event at an Omaha hotel, calling on President Donald Trump to bring more fairness to cattle markets and to reduce the influence of imported beef and cattle on U.S. market prices.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/fair-cattle-markets/


Brazilian Beef approved for shipment

Brazilian Agriculture Minister said the United States reopened its market for Brazilian fresh beef exports, effective immediately.

Fresh beef from that country has not been allowed since June 2017 when some shipments didn’t meet food safety requirements.

The country is a leading exporter of beef, and two of the United States major meatpackers, JBS and National Beef are Brazilian-owned.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/brazil-beef-approved-for-shipment-to-us/

NCBA Response: Group Has “Serious Concerns” About Re-Entry of Brazilian Beef to U.S. Market

R-CALF Response: African and Brazilian Beef Imports Are Deliberate Attempt to Destabilize U.S. Cattle Industry


Court rules against R-CALF USA in checkoff case

Judge Brian Morris US District Court judge, denied R-CALF USA’s request for an injunction to stop certain state beef councils from collecting checkoff dollars.

R-CALF had alleged that because some state beef councils (including Montana and South Dakota) are not appointed by the government or elected by payers of the checkoff, that they are not producing government speech. 

Each qualified state beef council (QSBC) collects $1 from cattle producers for each head of cattle sold. They are to send $.50 to the Cattlemen’s Beef Board and use the remainder for beef promotion, research and education.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/court-rules-against-r-calf-usa-in-checkoff-case/

NCBA Response: State Beef Councils Win Major Legal Victory


Coronavirus hits the packing industry

Packing plants begin to shut down because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Read more on TSLN.com (Smithfield): https://www.tsln.com/news/packing-plants-deal-with-coronavirus/

Read more on TSLN.com (JBS): https://www.tsln.com/news/a-link-missing-from-the-chain-a-conversation-with-jbs/

NCBA Response: NCBA Responds to News of Beef Packing Plant Closure Due to COVID-19

Boxed Beef prices soar

At the end of February boxed beef was priced at $205, by May 4th they had doubled to $410. Prices peaked on May 12th, 2020 at $475.39.


USDA investigation extended

The Department of Agriculture has expanded an existing investigation into pricing practices in the beef industry to also include recent developments brought about by the spread of the coronavirus.

The news, confirmed by Ag Secretary Sonny Perdue in a tweet, follows several requests from Capitol Hill and the cattle industry to take a look at shifting margins between packer and producer profits.

Read more: https://www.agri-pulse.com/articles/13455-usda-to-probe-covid-19-impact-on-beef-prices


R-CALF Introduces M-COOL Petition

“Petition to Immediately Pass Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling for Beef, Pork and Dairy Products”

In response to the COVID-19 Crisis, the President and Congress should immediately pass Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling for beef, pork and dairy products to strengthen national food security and help stimulate economic growth.

Within 7 days, the petition hit 250k signatures.

The petition can be found at http://www.demandusabeef.com

R-CALF Press Release: Beef, Pork & Dairy Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling Petition Gets 26K Signatures First 30 Hours


Meat Processing deemed "Essential"

President Donald J. Trump signed an Executive Order to keep meat and poultry processing facilities open during the COVID-19 national emergency.

Government Press Release: https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2020/04/28/usda-implement-president-trumps-executive-order-meat-and-poultry

NCBA Response: https://www.ncba.org/newsreleases.aspx?NewsID=7244

R-CALF Response: https://www.r-calfusa.com/ranch-group-supports-presidential-order-to-keep-beef-packers-operating/


DOJ Investigation announcement

President Trump asked the Department of Justice, on May 6, 2020 to investigate meatpacker pricing activity.

“I’ve asked the Justice Department to look into it. … I’ve asked them to take a very serious look into it because it shouldn’t be happening that way and we want to protect our farmers.”

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/president-trump-to-department-of-justice-investigate-meatpackers/


50/14 Legislation Introduced

Senator Chuck Grassley and others introduced legislation that would require larger meat packers to buy at least half of their weekly beef slaughter on the open market, and mandates that cattle are delivered within 14 days of delivery.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/grassley-bill-would-mandate-50-percent-cash-trade-14-day-delivery-for-fed-cattle/

NCBA Response: NCBA Opposes Government Mandate Restricting Cattle Marketing Options

R-CALF Response: Ranch Group Grateful for Swift Senate Action to Fix Broken Cattle Markets


COOL Resolution

Senators Jon Tester and Steve Daines signed onto a resolution to reinstate Country-of-Origin (COOL) labeling for pork and beef. Similarly, Congressman Greg Gianforte sent a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue to find a meaningful solution to allow accurate labeling of U.S. beef.

Read the resolution: https://www.daines.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/PAT20485.pdf

R-CALF Response: Ranch Group Disappointed with Yet a Second COOL Resolution but No Mandatory COOL Bill


CFAP Payments Announced

USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue announced the Coronavirus Food Assistance (CFAP) program on April 17, 2020. Beginning May 26, USDA’s Farm Service Agency will be accepting applications from agricultural producers who have suffered losses.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/cfap/

Official Website: https://www.farmers.gov/cfap 

NCBA Response: NCBA Sends Letter To Ag Secretary Perdue Urging Against CFAP Payment Limitations On Cattle Producers


PRIME Act Reintroduced

The PRIME Act was first introduced on May 21st, 2019.

Representative Thomas Massie (R-KY) and Representative Chellie Pingree (D-ME) re-introduced the PRIME (Processing Revival and Intrastate Meat Exemption) Act again in May 2020. The bill would loosen regulations to allow meat such as beef, pork or lamb from custom kill plants (not state or federally-inspected) to be sold to consumers, restaurants, hotels, boarding houses, and grocery stores.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/prime-act-would-encourage-local-meat-sales/

Proposed Bill and Current Status: https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/2657


Iowa Secretary Naig Signs Cooperative Interstate Shipment Agreement with USDA FSIS

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig finalized a Cooperative Interstate Shipment (CIS) agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) today. This means state-inspected meat and poultry processors in Iowa are one step closer to being able to sell their products across state lines. Eligible processors can apply for admission to the CIS program now.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the important role that local community meat lockers play in the food supply chain,” said Secretary Naig. “I am excited for these meat processors to have the opportunity to grow their businesses, move more products, and access new markets.”

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/secretary-naig-signs-cooperative-interstate-shipment-agreement-with-usda-fsis/

R-CALF Response: Ranch Group Applauds USDA Effort to Begin Allowing State Inspected Beef Plants to Sell Across State Lines


Central Grocers files a class action lawsuit

Central Grocers filed a class action lawsuit alleging the big four packers have violated the Sherman Act by conspiring to constrain beef supplies in the United States. This action has artificially inflated domestic beef prices the retailers/grocers pay.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/lawsuit-number-3/


Big 4 Meatpackers Subpoenaed

The U.S. Department of Justice has reportedly contacted the four big meatpackers, seeking information related to an investigation into possible anti-trust violations.

According to the Bloomberg story, an unnamed source reported that the DOJ sent “civil investigative demands,” which are essentially subpoenas, to the four companies, and is in communication with state attorneys general.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/asking-the-right-questions/


Expanding Markets for State-Inspected Meat Processors Act of 2020 Introduced

The Expanding Markets for State-Inspected Meat Processors Act of 2020, is legislation to allow meat products inspected by state Meat and Poultry Inspection (MPI) programs to be sold across state lines.

Presently, there are 27 states with inspection programs certified by the Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS), which meet or exceed federal inspection standards. However, products processed at these FSIS approved state MPI inspected facilities are not currently allowed to be sold across state lines.

Proposed Bill and Current Status: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/7162/text?r=34&s=1

R-CALF Response: Ranch Group Welcomes Representative Liz Cheney’s Interstate Shipment of State-Inspected Meat Act


Chicken Industry Execs Indicted

Pilgrim’s Pride CEO and three other chicken industry execs indicted for an alleged price-fixing conspiracy.

Read more at CNN.com: https://www.cnn.com/2020/06/03/business/chicken-executives-indicted-price-fixing/index.html


Requiring Assistance to Meat Processors for Upgrading Plants (RAMP-UP) Act Introduced

The bill amends the Agriculture Marketing Act of 1946 by inserting a new section: Sec. 298. Grants for Improvements to Meat and Poultry Facilities to Allow For Interstate Shipment.

The bill would establish a program to make facility upgrades and planning grants to existing meat and poultry processors to help them move to federal inspection and be able to sell their products across state lines.

Read more at TSLN.com: https://www.tsln.com/news/cattlemen-welcome-legislation-to-improve-meat-processing-capacity/

House Ag Committee Summary Document: https://agriculture.house.gov/uploadedfiles/ramp-up_act_section_by_section.pdf?utm_campaign=427-520

NCBA Response: Cattlemen Welcome Legislation to Improve Meat Processing Capacity


Direct Interstate Retail Exemption for Certain Transactions (DIRECT) Act Introduced

The bipartisan legislation would amend retail exemptions under current law to allow meat processed in state-inspected establishments to be sold across state lines through e-commerce, providing beef producers and local processors alike with more options to market direct-to-consumers, while also maintaining federal food safety standards.

NCBA Response: NCBA Applauds Introduction Of DIRECT Act

AUDIO: Journalist Alan Guebert talks about beef processors holding too much market power

Alan Guebert talks about beef processors holding too much market power. He feels that too many politics are being played amongst our political leaders and within our cattle organizations.

AUDIO: Brad Kooima discusses the details of NCBA’s increased negotiated cash trade policy

Brad Kooima discusses the details of NCBA’s increased negotiated cash trade policy that was passed last week at their summer meetings in Denver. He explains the two fed cattle policies that were brought to the table and the compromise that unfolded to pass policy unanimously.

AUDIO: Keith Eichler, “Our industry needs to find a fair playing ground for all sectors.”

Keith Eichler talks about the need for cattle producers to get involved with industry issues. He also discusses the benefits of the 50/14 legislation, the need for a beef checkoff referendum, and the threat of the RFID initiative.

VIDEO: Sheep rancher Carson Jorgensen discusses repercussions of JBS purchase of Mountain States Plant

Carson Jorgensen explains how the sheep industry is hanging by a thread as one of their key processing plants has been acquired by JBS who plans to halt lamb processing.

AUDIO: Jeff Brown, Manager of Riverton Livestock Auction, discusses the implications of packers having too much information at their disposal

Jeff Brown, Manager of Riverton Livestock Auction, explains the need for increased competition in our fed cattle markets. He feels that the packers have too much information at their disposal, and this has led to decreased negotiation.

AUDIO: Fred Berger, cattle feeder and livestock broker, discusses cattle futures and market outlook

Fred Berger explains how the CME cattle futures has too high of limits that cause excessive swings in the futures. The cattle industry needs to somehow come together and make changes to the CME so these big swings aren’t possible.

John Nalivka discusses the importance of cattle imports and exports

John Nalivka, Owner of Sterling Marketing Inc., talks about the need for the industry to not only focus on domestic consumer demand but also international demand in order to keep our trade going strong.

VIDEO: Brett Crosby discusses what has led to lop-sided cattle markets

Brett Crosby discusses how not only packer concentration but also growing consolidation within the feedlot sector has led to lop-sided cattle markets. He explains recent packer margins, packer ownership of cattle, and the need to do away with deceptive labeling.

VIDEO: Vaughn Meyer discusses the need for a beef checkoff referendum

Vaughn Meyer discusses the need for a beef checkoff referendum and the hurdles that stand in the way of it. He also explains how captive supply has impacted our cattle markets.

VIDEO: Brad Kooima discusses cattle markets from commodities broker perspective

Brad Kooima, Commodities Broker at Kooima Kooima Varilek Trading Inc., emphasizes the need for the industry to get on the same page and make some changes in order to give the small and medium independent cattle producers a competitive chance to compete.

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